Abdominal angina – symptoms and treatment
The involvement of abdominal arteries by atherosclerosis leads to the disease Abdominal angina (Angina abdominalis). Atherosclerotic plaques narrow lumens to the affected abdominal arteries and impede blood flow to the abdominal organs. Blood supply to the stomach and intestines is sharply difficulty as raising their functional load. This occurs after lavishly feeding when abdominal organs are in need of increased engorgement to implement proper digestion and absorption of nutrients. In the presence of atherosclerotic changes in blood vessels that can not be done, and arises ischemia (reduced blood flow) that occurs with abdominal pain after meals.
Severe complication of abdominal angina is mesenteric thrombosis
The reason for this severe pathological process is stopping the circulation of the blood in an area due to blockage of a blood vessel. Such blockage can occur from thrombus or embolus (blood stopper). The process of blood vessel blockage, feed the gut wall is named after mesenteric thrombosis. Infarcts in the small intestine, which develops due to cessation of blood flow is hemorrhagic because the intestinal wall fallen further pervades the whole blood. This abdominal drama usually ends tragically. Only in a minority of cases it`s possible to cut out the dead fragments of the small intestine and to return the patient to life.
Accompanying anxiety symptoms:
• Leukocytosis – increase of leukocytes in the blood
• Nausea and vomiting
• Constipation and lack of gas
• Peritonizam – hardening of the abdominal wall
• haematemesis (vomiting blood) and melena (blood in stool)
• Concentration of blood
• Cold sweaty skin
• Tachycardia – more frequent in cardiac
• Increasing the diastase in the urine
• Icterus (Jaundice)
• Trapped hernia
In the presence of abdominal angina combined with any of the above symptoms, provide immediate transportation of the patient in a hospital, preferably by ambulance and attendant – medical professional!
Some of the most common diseases that manifest with abdominal angina and require immediate hospitalization include:
• Acute appendicitis
• gastric ulcer or duodenal
• colic in gallstone disease and kidney stone disease
• Acute pancreatitis
• torsion (twisting) of ovarian cyst
• Ectopic pregnancy
• Perforated or abstsediral Diverticulitis
• Ileus of the small intestine or colon
• Trapped hernia
• mesenteric infarction
• rupture (bursting) of the spleen
• rupture (bursting) of an aneurysm of the aorta
More information about: Mesenteric thrombosis
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